Call us at

Us Canada Environmental Agreements

The Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators (CESI) program provides data and information to track Canada`s performance on important environmental sustainability issues. For more information, see: Looking at the results presented in these studies and articles, it is important to remember that while NAFTA has contributed to the growth of trade in North America, a significant portion of Canada-U.S. trade is governed by the world trade organization`s (WTO) most favoured nation rules. In fact, about 40.5 per cent of Canada`s exports to the United States and 66.7 per cent of U.S. exports to Canada are duty-free under WTO rules. This means that a significant portion of bilateral merchandise trade and its environmental impacts are not directly attributable to NAFTA. Unlike NAFTA, CUSMA contains a chapter on customs administration and trade facilitation. The aim of the chapter is to streamline customs procedures, reduce bureaucracy and ensure greater predictability in customs matters. The obligations in this chapter, which deal with streamlined border procedures, should minimize transaction costs and environmental impacts related to cross-border trade resulting from increased trade with CUSMA parties, for example by exempting waiting times for goods (especially low-risk goods) from customs control and by promoting a paperless environment. Other elements of the chapter, such as prejudicial decisions, risk management, automation, individual and post-clearance controls, will help create predictability and security for border traders and customs authorities. This will reduce the number of products at the border and lead to a more efficient process that will reduce the impact of border activities on the environment. This section provides an overview of the environmental impact of trade liberalization in the context of the North American integrated market since the initial negotiations and the implementation of NAFTA in 1994.

It also provides an overview of trilateral cooperation under the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC), a parallel agreement that came into force at the same time as NAFTA. Robust environmental standards ensure that Canadian businesses compete fairly with companies in other legal systems, help promote clean innovations across the industry, support quality jobs, and protect clean air and drinking water that we all share. While several stakeholders have noted that there are no specific commitments to combat climate change, it remains a priority for Canada. In the Court, for example, the parties have pledged to cooperate to promote policies and measures that can contribute to the fight against climate change, including in the areas of energy efficiency; Alternative and renewable energy; low-carbon technologies Sustainable transport and sustainable development of urban infrastructure; deforestation and forest degradation; Improving the ability to respond to extreme weather events Sustainable agriculture developing and promoting the use of market mechanisms to improve environmental protection; Trade and investment in environmental goods and services; green growth and clean innovation.